London Transport
Country Area Routes 320–324

North of the Thames

Last updated 23-03-10.

Route 320 was a rather circuitous Hemel Hempstead local route that ran in a lazy “S” from Gadebridge to Vauxhall Road via Chalden, Boxmoor, Two Waters, Moor End and Adeyfield. It was later extended from Adeyfield to Woolmer Drive.

320 route map
Unfortunately, I cannot recall the details of the Sunday variation of the 320.

The “E” plate was originally for the 321A. It was likely modified in 1969 when the route was withdrawn.
My guess is that this “E” plate came from the Berry Lane Estate following the withdrawal of the 321A, when some 321 journeys were diverted to serve it.
It’s been suggested that the most likely location for this plate was the stop on St. Albans Garage forecourt. The bus stop panel no doubt had a notice to the effect that the (more frequent) buses from Luton and Harpenden stopped across the road. (It might have also come from a bus stand in Rickmansworth or Harpenden.)
321 - 321A
This plate could have come from just about anywhere between Luton and Rickmansworth.
321 - 322
This “E” plate most likely came from Watford, where the two routes intersected.
1934 route 321 timetable leaflet.
◀ In London General and early London Transport days the 321 was a more local service between St. Albans and West Hyde, as illustrated by this timetable effective from 31 January 1934.
This leaflet advertised the new one-man AN-class Leyland Atlanteans introduced in July 1972 by London Country onto several services out of Watford: routes 321, 385, 385A and 803. ▶
1972 OMO leaflet for routes 321 385 385A 803

Route 321 was a major trunk route running from Luton (Park Square) to Uxbridge Station via Kingsbourne Green, Harpenden, St. Albans, St. Stephens, Garston, Watford, Croxley Green, Croxley, Rickmansworth, West Hyde and Denham. It usually ran in two sections: Luton to Rickmansworth, and Harpenden (George) to Uxbridge. It lasted until 31 March 1979.

Routes 321A and 322 are described below.

Laurie Bishop has a few reminiscences about the 321.

A more detailed history of route 321 can be found in Kenneth Warren’s book, The Motorbus in London Country (Ian Allan, 1984; ISBN 0 7110 1360 8).

Route 321A ran between Luton (Park Square) and Berry Lane Estate, following the 321 for most of its length, then branching off just south of Rickmansworth. It ceased running in 1969, replaced by the 385 group of routes and a few 321 journeys.



Route 321B was a schooldays-only route that ran in the late ’60s between Rickmansworth LT Station and Sheffield Avenue, Frogmore, serving Frogmore School. This information was kindly supplied by a friend as I had no idea where it ran.

Clearly this plate would have been at a terminus, likely from Rickmansworth Station. I believe this to be a very rare “E” plate.

Route 322 ran between Hemel Hempstead (Maylands Avenue) and Watford Junction via Highfield, Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Moor End, Belswains Lane, Ovaltine Works, Kings Langley Station and Huntonbridge.

London General Route 322 & Route 325 Timetable - 31st January, 1934 ◀ An early London Transport leaflet, still bearing the “General” mark, for routes 322 (Hemel Hempstead–Watford via Kings Langley) and 325 (Hemel Hempstead–Watford via Abbots Langley), commencing 31st January 1934. It includes timetables for both routes, a list of services in the area, and a map of Watford bus routes, including Watford High Street Bus Garage. 322

Since the 322A was a Sunday-only service, my guess is that this plate came from Hemel Hempstead Bus Station, and the full details of the journeys were posted below.

Route 322A ran on Sundays only between Warners End and Watford Junction via Gadebridge, Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Moor End, Belswains Lane, Ovaltine Works, Kings Langley Station, Huntonbridge and Ridge Lane.

◀ This “E” plate is an especially nice one as it is of the less common variety of Sunday FARE STAGE plate with the annotation in black, rather than red.

Route 322B was a Saturday short working operating between Kings Langley and Watford Junction via Ovaltine Works, Huntonbridge and Ridge Lane. It was a very short-lived route, only appearing on the 1960 Country Buses map.

My guess is that this “E” plate came from Kings Langley, and may be one half of an unique pair as there was only about half a mile of road that wasn’t shared with the other branches of the 322.


323 323 323A

Route 323 ran on Mondays to Saturdays between Orsett and Purfleet Station via Woodside Estate, Socketts Heath, Grays, West Thurrock and Stonehouse Corner.

The 323A service is described below.

Route 323A ran just a few peak hour journeys on Mondays to Fridays between Nutberry Corner and East Purfleet (Mill Road) via Socketts Heath, Grays, West Thurrock and Stonehouse Corner.



Route 323B was apparently a school service from Chadwell St. Mary to Woodlands Estate, Grays and Uplands Estate. Thanks to the individual who kindly supplied this information.

Route 324 ran mainly as a circular local route in Welwyn Garden City from Knightsfield via the station and the hospital, and thus there would not have been too many stops along the route with “E” plates, as these would have generally only been used where there were a number of bus stops, such at at the station and the Cherry Tree.

This booklet was issued to educate passengers about the new AUTOFARE BUSES (one-man operated Merlins) which were introduced to Welwyn on February 15, 1970.
Previous page Next page
Click on any of the tiles below to go to images of the “E” plates and the route descriptions for that number series.
Clicking on any stop flag will return to the home page.
“E” Plates
Stop Flags


Advanced Search
Advanced Search